Kaddish (Qaddish) is a hymn recited in Jewish service prayer to praise God. The fundamental theme of the Kaddish is meant to magnify and sanctify the name of God. In public worship, distinct versions of the Kaddish are sung to act as separators of various service sections. More often, the term (Kaddish) is referred to as “The Mourner’s Kaddish,” sung or vocalized during Judaism’s ritual in all prayer sessions and at funerals. However, it is not chanted at the gravesite but can be conducted during the memorials, for instance, during the 11 Hebrew months when a parent dies. Also, in some communities, it is recited after a child, sibling, or spouse’s death 30 days after. Kaddish is the most critical aspect of the Jewish liturgy. Traditionally, it cannot be recited alone, but, along with other prayers, it is sung with a minyan, at least a quorum of ten Jewish adults. Recently, rabbinic rulings have allowed individuals to say Kaddish through online minyan. Check mourner’s kaddish service at Chebrah Lomdei Mishnah.

More often, the question of whether Kaddish prayer should be sung at, for instance, graveside irrespective of the presence of a minyan. More concretely, it is chanted in a chapel service if there is no minyan, and there is no expectation of the same at the cemetery, and given the bereaved would have a sense of comfort afterward. However, the Kaddish prayers should not be said at the gravesite, and the bereaved have to heed this advice. The question of whether individuals should recite it at the graveside by counting the minyan of the many souls of the dead has been frequently asked. 

A set of prayers such as d’varim she-bi-k’dusha speaks of the holiness of God, and Kaddish is among them that necessitates a Minyan. But, analytically, the words are meant to praise God, and there is no point in unaccepting the word of God. It is appropriate to get to know the draw of Kaddish and others, such as d’varim she-bi-k’dusha, and the advisors saw the need to use it as a “tool” to make the community gather and say the Kaddish in public. That is, they anticipated that the religion would atomize, and each individual would undertake their Shabbat for her or himself. And that is why it is vital to have such an understanding that God’s praises have to be reserved when there is a minyan for the availability of a gathered public. It may seem a minor issue when people recite a Kaddish without a minyan. However, sincerely, it is breaking down the community, which we are all anxious about making it combat. 

Therefore, a private prayer had been developed and was known as the lieu of the Kaddish. It could be valuable to people experiencing the same situation. The secret prayer is a synopsis of the first parts of the av ha-rahamim that is often recited during Torah sessions on Shabbat. It had to be said in a low tone by the congregation immediately after the L’kha Adonai Ha-g’dullah. It was regarded as a Davar she-bi-k’dushah. However, during the Torah service, a minyan has to be available. But, the individuals could say the prayer in a low tone, as opposed to the whole congregation, and it was the ultimate reason for dropping it. 

Substitute For Kaddish 

Traditionally, there exist alternative texts to be said for prayers that necessitate the minyan, including the Kaddish, when there is no minyan. The substitutes however, choosing the alternatives is essential to understand what is asked for whenever the Kaddish is being recited. R. Yehuda He-Hasid, a German, suggested developing an alternative for Kaddish, but not actually for the Mourner’s Kaddish. It is a suggestion for what should be said by an individual residing in a village or the one who came late to the synagogue after the minyan has recited the Kaddish and wants to tell the holy words. It is a practical state where the possibility of attending a minyan is not probable. That is, those people living with inadequate Jews. In such a case, Rabbi Yehuda recommended the recitation of only three verses from the bible, which are the basis of the significant lines of the Kaddish. The significance of the verses is to make requests, but not to make praises, whereby the worshippers are hopeful for a new world, and God is exalted and holy. Perhaps, God is not yet absolutely great or sacred here, and the worshippers are seeking the emergence of greatness.